Even though there is no a cure for psoriasis, there are several treatments that your doctor can recommend you. It can be a specific treatment or a combination of treatments for helping you to face this disease and improve the look of your skin.
Keep in mind that not all treatments work for everyone and that you have to give it time for seeing results. However, if you don’t see good results after a few months, say it to your doctor to search for another treatment option.
Also, it may happen that a treatment that initially worked well for you after a while it loses its effectiveness and you have to look for other.
In the following paragraphs, you can know more about the three types of treatment that are usual:
1. TOPICAL TREATMENTS:
Those which are applied directly and superficially on the skin area affected by psoriasis. Used generally in mild to moderate psoriasis cases. In this type of treatment, we find:
- Corticosteroids: most common medication prescribed to reduce inflammation and relieve itching, can be combined with other types of treatment.
- Anthralin: reduces the speed of skin cells growth. It can also remove the skin scales and soften the skin.
- Vitamin D Analogues: reduce the speed of skin cells growth.
- Retinoids: it is derivate from Vitamin A and has the property of decreasing inflammation.
- Salicylic Acid: reduces the appearing of scales promoting the detachment of dead skin cells. We may find it also in shampoos and other solutions for the scalp.
- Moisturizing creams: moisturize the skin helping to reduce the itching and scales appearing.
Exposing psoriasis affected area to controlled amounts of natural sunlight, and making use of the ultraviolet (UVB) and (UVA) light, we can slow down skin cells growth. Different types of phototherapy treatments are:
- Sunlight: slows down the replacement of skin cells, decreasing inflammation and scales appearing.
- Phototherapy of ultraviolet light B (UVB): due to the effect of this type of light on the skin, improves the general symptoms of psoriasis.
- Excimer laser: help to control the appearing of scales and inflammation, treating only the affected area, without harming healthy skin.
3. ORAL OR INJECTABLE MEDICINES
Injected or orally administered medications have always a systemic action and must be prescribed by a specialist. Approach for patients with severe cases of psoriasis resistant to other types of treatment. Most commonly used compounds are:
- Retinoids: active principles derivate from Vitamin A can help in the treatment of severe psoriasis cases that do not respond to other therapies.
- Methotrexate: orally administered folic acid analogous compound that helps in psoriasis treatment by decreasing the production of dead skin cells and reducing the inflammation. In some cases, it can also slow down the progress of psoriatic arthritis.
- Cyclosporine: with similar effectiveness to methotrexate it inhibits the immune system but, can only be taken in short treatment cycles.