Psoriasis is a disease of autoimmune origin in which this immune reaction causes an accelerated turnover in the cells of our skin.
Therefore, in psoriatic patients the cellular turnover of the epidermis lasts 3 to 4 days, while, in the rest of the people, the normal is between 28 and 30 days. Which, will cause the accumulation on the surface, causing the typical plates with scales of thick and reddish skin that produce itching or pain.
Similarly, psoriasis is an inflammatory disease of the skin, which frequently also affects the joints, and causes redness, pain and swelling. It can occur with different intensity throughout life and is not contagious.
The typical psoriasis lesions are reddish plaques with a silver peeling, which appear especially on elbows, knees and on the scalp. Sometimes they produce itching. The joints, palms, fingernails and soles of the feet may also be affected.
There are many factors that influence the onset of psoriasis. In addition to the genetic tendency, other risk factors and triggers influence, such as infections, medications and external irritations such as wounds.
It should be noted that stress is the main trigger, so psychological factors will also alter the course of the disease.
Also, the weather influences, although in the summer the symptoms of psoriasis improve due to solar radiation. The sun’s rays reduce inflammation and the autoimmune reaction itself.
They are the ones that are applied directly on the areas that suffer from psoriasis on the skin. Usually applied in mild to moderate psoriasis. Within this type of treatment are among many:
- Corticosteroids: these medications are the most frequently prescribed to reduce inflammation and relieve itching, and can also be used with other treatments.
- Antralina: helps slow down the growth of skin cells. It can also remove scales and soften the skin.
- Vitamin D analogues: slow down the growth of skin cells.
- Retinoids: these are derivatives of vitamin A that can decrease inflammation.
- Salicylic acid: promotes the shedding of dead skin cells and reduces the formation of scales. You can also find it in shampoos and solutions for the scalp.
- Moisturizing creams: help reduce itching, flaking and dryness.